http://nswong.50webs.com/, nswong personal website, nswong 個人網站
https://www.google.com/search?nfpr=1&filter=0&q=nswong, nswong, (Google webpage search, 谷歌網頁搜索)
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&nfpr=1&filter=0&sout=1&q=nswong, nswong, (Google image search, 谷歌圖片搜索)
https://www.google.com/search?nfpr=1&filter=0&q=welcome_reprint.htm, Welcome to reprint, 歡迎轉載


{termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?nfpr=1&filter=0&q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, termitomyces_heimii.htm, (Google webpage search, 谷歌網頁搜索)
https://www.google.com/search?tbm=isch&nfpr=1&filter=0&sout=1&q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, termitomyces_heimii.htm, (Google image search, 谷歌圖片搜索)
https://www.facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u=nswong.50webs.com%2Ftermitomyces_heimii.htm, Share on Facebook, 分享在臉書
https://www.google.com/search?q=plant_photo_malaysia.htm, Malaysia plant photo, 馬來西亞植物照片
http://www.hotspotimage.com/bbs/viewthread.php?tid=19862, (Hot Spot Image, 熱點影像)
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_-xYsrSFl2dw/S-ivMorfCiI/AAAAAAAAH5o/qiJweAI-VVY/s1600/2010_05_082.jpg, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞, (resepisedap-nennie)

{termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


{Photo link, 照片鏈接, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-AFpq3ocozik/TXcxoO1DTbI/AAAAAAAAAOg/vxpia4Jont4/s1600/DSC01346.JPG, (jomtanambunga)
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-2AMuBbEd0Qs/TXcvpT0wHSI/AAAAAAAAAOc/VnTCsepdtyI/s1600/DSC01349.JPG, (jomtanambunga)
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-NREMvCNIKP0/WPTAJzOtG1I/AAAAAAAAOQ0/v5hd6IaLwM0HLbIM5FKB5U4KgKJwGWXiACLcB/s1600/2017-04-17%2B13.09.30.jpg, (ongzi-secretgarden)
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-_Ly9BP4DLzc/Vm-2X14T_VI/AAAAAAAAM2I/XEdNvvU1GMo/s1600/2015-12-15%2B12.52.13.jpg, (ongzi-secretgarden)
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-aWlJ-OyLPmM/T0Uj7iXtCrI/AAAAAAAADqo/6wGd6JkbMIM/s1600/DSC01426.jpg, (renjersungai)
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-HNcQfZhbi2k/T0Uju9fCyGI/AAAAAAAADqY/f2Bdfkifles/s1600/DSC01429.jpg, (renjersungai)
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_-xYsrSFl2dw/S-ivMAjDOYI/AAAAAAAAH5g/S0ggoWzVQTw/s1600/2010_05_081.jpg, (resepisedap-nennie)
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_-xYsrSFl2dw/S-ivMorfCiI/AAAAAAAAH5o/qiJweAI-VVY/s1600/2010_05_082.jpg, (resepisedap-nennie)

{Photo link, 照片鏈接, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


{Scientific name, 學名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

Termitomyces heimii: Termitomyces heimii(3,920)

{Scientific name, 學名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


{English name, 英文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

Termitomyces heimii: Termite mound mushroom(5)

{English name, 英文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


{Chinese name, 中文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

Termitomyces heimii: 谷堆白蚁伞, Gu3 dui1 bai2 yi3 san3(15)
Termitomyces heimii: 蚁巢伞(10)

{Chinese name, 中文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞 }


{Malay name, 馬來文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

Termitomyces heimii: Cendawan busut(18)

{Malay name, 馬來文名, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


{Article, 文章, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}
https://www.google.com/search?q=termitomyces_heimii.htm, (nswong, termitomyces_heimii.htm)

[2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞, (mushroomobserver)]
http://mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name_description/5052

This symbiosis has a single origin and there are no Termitomyces that have reverted to a free-living state.
The fungi produce small nodules (modified unripe fruiting bodies) that are eaten by the termite workers along with degraded plant materials.

Thus, a termite nest needs at least two different fungal individuals to produce mushrooms.
In the wet season, the fungal mycelium penetrate the termite nests and produce mushrooms.
In Malaysia, the fruiting bodies can appear in numbers as large as 300 basidiomata that all arise from a single termite nest containing 40 or more fungus combs, which can last 3-5 days before they begin to degrade.

Mushrooms that are commonly mistaken for Termitomyces heimii include Termitomyces eurhizus, Termitomyces lanatus, Termitomyces striatus, and Sinotermitomyces carnosus.

Termitomyces eurhizus, which can also commonly be found throughout Southeast Asia and equatorial Africa, can be distinguished from Termitomyces heimii because the fruiting bodies are larger, the pseudorhiza is black, and the pileus is a dark gray brown color with an acutely pointed perforatorium.

Termitomyces lanatus differs from Termitomyces heimii because the pileus is covered in a thick, gray, woolly veil, and the annulus and stipe also have woolly scales.

Termitomyces striatus has a gray brown, distinctly striate pileus.

Sinotermitomyces carnosus, found in the subtropical to tropical regions of Yunnan Province of China, has a much smaller pileus, a hollow stipe, and fusoid cystidia.

Termitomyces heimii is a choice edible and widely eaten in Malaysia, Thailand, and India.
It is the most commonly found mushroom in Peninsular Malaysia when it is in season.
Because the termite nests are not visible to the mushroom pickers and because it is difficult to maintain the pseudorhiza when plucking the mushroom, many of these people are unaware of the termite association.

[2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞, (mushroomobserver)]


[2017-09-15, 揭開台灣雞肉絲菇曠世之迷, (宋細福的部落格)]
http://blog.xuite.net/ssf101ssf101/twblog/119605881

有學者認為姬白蟻,吃下的木質並不被消化吸收,而是藉口道或肛道排出後與土壤混合做成苗床亦即其蟻巢,用來培育雞肉絲菇菌絲,此白蟻即以培育出來的雞肉絲菇菌絲體及巢中被雞肉絲菇菌絲分解後之植物成份作為食物。

「姬白蟻」採食時,一般以蛀食植物地下之根部為主,但也有啃食地上樹幹之表皮者

細察「姬白蟻」作「甬道」時,首先以口叼取少許土粒,並隨即吐出適量之唾液以潤濕之,再叼送至預作「甬道」處,再吐出適量之唾液,使土粒一一相連,並依其體型之一定高度,不斷的堆積成一條,或相連之一片甬道。

B.雞肉絲菇的簡易辨識方法
a.菇傘形似斗笠:菇傘頂部有顯著之凸起,使其整個菇傘呈斗笠狀,該中間之凸起即稱之為「傘尖」。
b.傘尖如鐵似鋼:以手指觸壓「傘尖」時,其硬度有若鐵器扎手,這是其他菇類所沒有的。
c.菌褶白色:雞肉絲菇「菌傘」表面,有灰、白、米黃等等顏色,而其「菌褶」初時均為白色,以後漸漸老熟而呈乳白或稍帶黃色。
d.菌根一條:「菌根」不分枝,一條直通地下之白蟻巢,此「菌根」在學術上一般稱之為「假根」。
俱有以上四項特徵者,已足以確定為雞肉絲菇了。

雞肉絲菇的採收,原則上是愈嫩愈好,亦即在其剛出土至「傘緣」與「菇柄」成 45 度角以內者為佳,而以「傘緣」平直之前為其最低標準,如菇傘達平直甚至翻轉者,已屬過老而致口感較差。
在大雷雨後之數日內,最好每天清晨前往可能出菇之處尋找採收,如過了中午之後,往往因氣溫過高而致菇體很快即行腐爛。

雞肉絲菇採收後,將其「假根」一一切除,並洗淨菇柄基部的附土,然後以紙張包裹,放入塑膠袋或特製塑膠保鮮盒,置於 12℃ 2 之儲存庫中,可保存良好之鮮度達一週以上。
雞肉絲菇存於 10℃ 以下者,依溫度之下降有漸次被凍傷而影響口味之現象,如溫度在 14℃ 以上者,則依溫度之上昇而有漸次加速腐爛的情形,尤其達 30 ℃以上時,一般在一天內即可使雞肉絲菇產生腐爛現象。

一般食用菇,均各具其獨特的鮮美味道,雞肉絲菇當然也不例外。
因之在烹調時,最好不要加入味精、香油等強烈之調味品,更不宜將鮮菇用水燙煮過再予烹調,否則消費者將永遠無法享受到其真正原有的風味。

清蒸陽春雞肉絲菇
備妥一大碗切好之雞肉絲菇,置於電鍋或蒸鍋內蒸熟後即可上桌。
本道菜餚食用時,可沾醬油芥末而食之,也可以沾鹽水,則其味更鮮。
本道菜在蒸煮時,碗中可以不要加水,其原因是由於菇體在遇熱時會自行流出最美味之汁液以供吾人享用。

燒烤雞肉絲菇
取雞肉絲菇,用清水洗淨後,一根根分別置於市售食品用之鋁箔紙上,再酌撒一點食鹽於該菇體,並個別包妥後置於烤箱或烤爐中烤熟即可,此法烤成之雞肉絲菇最具原始風味。
如想要有所變化,可在菇體上塗一些牛油,胡椒等等之類的調味品,就可以作出多種口味之食品來。
本道菜餚在食用時,只要將該鋁箔紙剝開,即可整根舉而咬食之,這種方法在野外烤肉時,最受歡迎,也最是甜美。
如在宴會,這種方式覺得不夠文雅,則可先切成小段後再行燒烤之。

雞肉絲菇湯
取高湯或排骨、肉湯之類,置入湯鍋三分之一量,以烈火煮開,再置入三分之一該鍋量之切妥雞肉絲菇,隨即再開火燒煮之,至該湯中心再度開滾時,隨即加入少許食鹽調味後即可分裝於湯碗上桌。

清炒雞肉絲菇
依一般家庭之烹調方式,將肉片用油加鹽、佐料等炒熟後,馬上在炒鍋中投入切妥之雞肉絲菇,用鍋鏟拌一拌,隨即蓋上鍋蓋片刻,待菜餚中心開滾時,即可起鍋上桌。

[2017-09-15, 揭開台灣雞肉絲菇曠世之迷, (宋細福的部落格)]

{Article, 文章, termitomyces_heimii.htm, 2017-09-15, Termitomyces heimii, Termite mound mushroom, 谷堆白蚁伞}


valid-html401.gif, 2010-09-01, Valid HTML 4.01 Strict http://validator.w3.org/check?uri=referer, 2010-09-01, Validate this web page with HTML 4.01 strict.dtd

vcss.gif, 2010-09-01, Valid CSS! http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/check?uri=referer, 2010-09-01, Validate this web page with W3C CSS Validator

http://validator.w3.org/, 2010-09-01, W3C Markup Validation Service
A free service that checks Web documents in formats like HTML and XHTML for conformance to W3C Recommendations and other standards.