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{pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?nfpr=1&filter=0&q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (Google webpage search, 谷歌網頁搜索)
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http://www.hbw.com/sites/default/files/styles/ibc_1k/public/ibc/p/IMG_8291_Yellow-vented_Bulbul_8_10_DxO_55.jpg, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (Ian Barker)

{pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{Photo link, 照片鏈接, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_4gZ4czFNx1c/TReAgT0WR3I/AAAAAAAAABg/LyPmW1nLhnw/s1600/DSC_0892.JPG, (camera-meng-birding)
http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7159/6822235869_90534fd68a_b.jpg, (Chong Lip Mun)
http://www.hbw.com/sites/default/files/styles/ibc_1k/public/ibc/p/IMG_8291_Yellow-vented_Bulbul_8_10_DxO_55.jpg, (Ian Barker)
http://farm2.staticflickr.com/1392/813969951_ef4cb3ac5c_o.jpg, (judhi)
http://i653.photobucket.com/albums/uu257/kevinagar/Round%20The%20World%20Trip/Singapore/IMG_4549.jpg, (Kevin A)
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http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-KqMxoTdjARk/UUxm8LB2eHI/AAAAAAAAFpo/VHurCGqRZoM/s1600/0+yellow+vented+bulbul+DSC_3543.jpg, (purplemangrove)
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2846/9052895789_0674ce1a4e_b.jpg, (wavethree)

{Photo link, 照片鏈接, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{Scientific name, 學名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)

Pycnonotus goiavier: Pycnonotus goiavier(36,100)

{Scientific name, 學名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{English name, 英文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎 }
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)

Pycnonotus goiavier: Yellow-vented bulbul(265,000)

{English name, 英文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{Chinese name, 中文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)

Pycnonotus goiavier: 白眉黃臀鵯, Bai mei huang tun bei(741)
Pycnonotus goiavier: 白眉黄臀鹎, Bai mei huang tun bei(2,390)
Pycnonotus goiavier: 黄臀鹎, Huang tun bei(3,090)

{Chinese name, 中文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{Malay name, 馬來文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)

Pycnonotus goiavier: Merbah cerukcuk(4,430)
Pycnonotus goiavier: Merbah kapur(1,200)
Pycnonotus goiavier: Terucuk(1,050)
Pycnonotus goiavier: Trucuk(1,270)

{Malay name, 馬來文名, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2014-12-08, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


{Article, 文章, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-26, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}
https://www.google.com/search?q=pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, (nswong, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm)


[2017-06-26, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (naturia)]
http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/dna/organisms/details/466

It can often be seen feeding on small flowering shrubs such as the Sendudok (Melastoma malabaricum) and Simpoh Air (Dillenia suffructicosa).
The bulbul builds its cup-shaped nest in the most surprising locations, often close to human habitation - garden shrubs, potted plants and even in artificial plants hung in garages and balconies.

The diet of the Yellow-vented Bulbul includes a wide variety of plant food that include: 1. fruits/seeds of Archontophoenix alexandrae, Azadirachta indica, Carica papaya, Caryota mitis, Cissus hastate, Dillenia suffruticosa, Ficus spp., Elaeis guineensis, Melastoma malabathricum, Muntingia calabura, Musa cultivars, Nephelium lappaceum, Pithecellobium dulce, Rhopaloblaste ceramica, Solanum sp., Syzugium jambos, Tabernaemontana corymbosa, Vitex pubescens.
2. Flower nectar of Ageratum conyzoides, Calliandra haematocephala, Callistemon rigidus, Dracaena reflexa, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Schefflera actinophylla, Spathodea campanulata, Syzygium sp. and Xanthostemon chrysanthus.
3. Flower/buds of Arachis pintoi and Averrhoa carambola.
4. Insects that include ants, termites, grasshoppers, beetles, caterpliiars, etc.
Much of these are taken from the air, especially alate ants and termites, "snatched by rocketing up vertically from an exposed perch into swarms passing overhead…” according to Wells (2007).

Breeds all year round.
The nest is cup-shaped, composing of dried plant matter like leaves, slender stems of creepers, fibres, twigs and even tissue paper.
The clutch of 2-4 eggs takes 12-13 days to hatch and the chicks need 10-14 days to fledge.
Both adults help in incubating, leaving the nest regularly during the day to forage for food.
Only at night will one adult broods the chicks throughout the night.
The first-hatched chick in a brood of two may indulge in sibilicide, kicking the younger out of the nest (Wee, 2003).
The fledglings are cared by both adults.
Although able to feed independently after four days or more, the adults remain caring for them for about a month
It is a seed dispersal of many plants.

[2017-06-26, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (petersfishtrading)]


[2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (naturia)]
http://www.naturia.per.sg/buloh/birds/Pycnonotus_goiavier.htm

they forage on the ground, picking grass seeds and titbits, even from roads and pavements.
They nest in a wide range of places from low bushes, creepers to high trees.
They are so used to humans that they may even nest in ornamental plants in residential gardens and even balconies!
2-5 eggs are laid, variable in colour from white to pinkish, with lots of reddish-brown to lavender spots.
Both parents incubate and raise the young.
Yellow-Vented Bulbuls don't migrate seasonally, but they appear to be high nomadic, moving from place to place regularly.

[2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (petersfishtrading)]


[2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (wikipedia)]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow-vented_Bulbul

This is a species adapted to humans and may even nest in gardens.
The Yellow-vented Bulbul lays 2-5 eggs in February to June.
The Yellow-vented Bulbuls eats berries and small fruits.
They also sip nectar, nibble on young shoots, and take some insects.

[2017-06-25, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎, (petersfishtrading)]


{Article, 文章, pycnonotus_goiavier.htm, 2017-06-26, Pycnonotus goiavier, Yellow-vented bulbul, 黄臀鹎}


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